9781315510880

Introduction to Logic

Carl Cohen, Irving Copi, Kenneth McMahon

14th Edition

Introduction to Logic is a proven textbook that has been honed through the collaborative efforts of many scholars over the last five decades. Its scrupulous attention to detail and precision in exposition and explanation is matched by the greatest accuracy in all associated detail. In addition, it continues to capture student interest through its personalized human setting

3.1

Language Functions

Exercises A

p.103

Exercises B

p.104

Exercises C

p.106

3.2

Emotive Language, Neutral Language, and Disputes

Exercises

p.110

3.3

Disputes and Ambiguity

Exercises A

p.114

Exercises B

p.114

3.4

Definitions and Their Uses

Exercises A

p.123

Exercises B

p.123

3.5

The Structure of Definitions: Extension and Intension

Exercises A

p.126

Exercises B

p.126

Exercises C

p.128

Exercises D

p.129

Exercises E

p.132

3.6

Definition by Genus and Difference

Exercises A

p.136

Exercises B

p.136

Exercises C

p.139

5.3

The Four Kinds of Categorical Propositions

Exercises

p.216

5.4

Quality, Quantity, and Distribution

Exercises

p.222

5.5

The Traditional Square of Opposition

Exercises

p.226

5.6

Further Immediate Inferences

Exercises A

p.233

Exercises B

p.234

Exercises C

p.234

Exercises D

p.234

Exercises E

p.235

Exercises F

p.235

Exercises G

p.236

5.7

Existential Import and the Interpretation of Categorical Propositions

Exercises B

p.243

Exercises C

p.243

Exercises D

p.243

Exercises E

p.243

5.8

Symbolism and Diagrams for Categorical Propositions

Exercises

p.251

6.1

Standard-Form Categorical Syllogisms

Exercises

p.262

6.2

The Formal Nature of Syllogistic Argument

Exercises

p.265

6.3

Venn Diagram Technique for Testing Syllogisms

Exercises A

p.275

Exercises B

p.275

6.4

Syllogistic Rules and Syllogistic Fallacies

Exercises A

p.284

Exercises B

p.285

Exercises C

p.286

6.5

Exposition of the Fifteen Valid Forms of the Categorical Syllogism

Exercises

p.296

7.2

Reducing the Number of Terms to Three

Exercises

p.305

7.3

Translating Categorical Propositions into Standard Form

Exercises

p.313

7.4

Uniform Translation

Exercises A

p.316

Exercises B

p.317

7.5

Enthymemes

Exercises

p.323

7.6

Sorites

Exercises A

p.328

Exercises B

p.329

7.7

Disjunctive and Hypothetical Syllogisms

Exercises

p.334

7.8

The Dilemma

Exercises

p.340

8.2

The Symbols for Conjunction, Negation, and Disjunction

Exercises A

p.359

Exercises B

p.361

Exercises C

p.361

8.3

Conditional Statements and Material Implication

Exercises A

p.371

Exercises B

p.371

8.4

Argument Forms and Refutation by Logical Analogy

Exercises

p.376

8.7

Some Common Argument Forms

Exercises A

p.387

Exercises B

p.387

Exercises C

p.388

8.8

Statement Forms and Material Equivalence

Exercises A

p.395

Exercises B

p.395

Exercises C

p.395

9.2

The Elementary Valid Argument Forms

Exercises

p.415

9.3

Formal Proofs of Validity Exhibited

Exercises

p.418

9.4

Constructing Formal Proofs of Validity

Exercises

p.421

9.5

Constructing More Extended Formal Proofs

Exercises A

p.423

Exercises B

p.426

Exercises C

p.427

9.6

Expanding the Rules of Inference: Replacement Rules

Exercises

p.437

9.8

Constructing Formal Proofs Using the Nineteen Rules of Inference

Exercises A

p.444

Exercises B

p.447

Exercises C

p.450

Exercises D

p.452

Exercises E

p.455

Exercises F

p.456

Exercises G

p.459

9.9

Proof of Invalidity

Exercises

p.461

9.10

Inconsistency

Exercises A

p.465

Exercises B

p.466

Exercises C

p.468

9.11

Indirect Proof of Validity

Exercises A

p.470

Exercises B

p.471

Exercises C

p.471

9.12

Shorter Truth-Table Technique

Exercises A

p.472

Exercises B

p.472

10.4

Traditional Subject-Predicate Propositions

Exercises A

p.492

Exercises B

p.493

Exercises C

p.494

10.5

Proving Validity

Exercises A

p.505

Exercises B

p.506

10.6

Proving Invalidity

Exercises A

p.510

Exercises B

p.510

10.7

Asyllogistic Inference

Exercises A

p.515

Exercises B

p.515

Exercises C

p.515

Exercises D

p.516